Learn Chinese for Free - Lesson 49

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Today's Chinese characters:

一七万三不两个么九也二五人亿什今他们位体作你儿八六再刘医十千友口○号吗呢周和哥四天太女她好妈姐姓子孙孩它尔尼工师年弟张很律心忙您我技日早明星是月朋期李来林母毛爱父王生男百的程亲老胡见认识谢贵身都陈零马

This is step 4 of 5 of our review process. All characters are ordered according to their radicals.

On Lesson 51 we're going to clarify what radicals are, but for now let's say that for 'radical' is meant a part of the character (a single stroke or a complex figure) that is common to a lot of different characters, and by which characters are classified.

Below you find also the interesting "The Meaning Of" and "How To" tables!

Characters' Essentials

Character Help
Pronunciation Help

ATTENTION: When alone, before or at the end of a word or a sentence, it is pronounced in the first tone. When it precedes a syllable of the first, second or third tone, it is pronounced in the fourth tone. It is pronounced in the second tone when it is followed by a fourth tone.
Meaning Help
-One
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

ATTENTION: When it precedes a syllable of the fourth tone, as a non-compulsory alternative can be pronounced in the second tone.
Meaning Help
-Seven
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Ten thousand
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Three
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

ATTENTION: When it precedes a syllable of the fourth tone, it is pronounced in the second tone.
Meaning Help
-Used to form a negative
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Two.
is generally used before measure words.
Don't use
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Measure word used before nouns which do not have special measure words of their own (some nouns can be preceded by either it or other special measure words)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
me
Meaning Help
-Second character of the word 什么 ("what")
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Nine
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Also
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
èr
Meaning Help
-Two
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Five
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Person
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Hundred million
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-First character of the word 什么 ("what")
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Now, today
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-He, him
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
men
Meaning Help
-Used to show plural number:
1. after a personal pronoun;
2. after a noun that refers to people
ATTENTION: It's not used when the noun is preceded by a numeral or an intensifier
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Measure word for people, indicating respect
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Body, part of the body
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Do, make
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-You
(singular)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
ér
Meaning Help
-Child, son
Character Help
Pronunciation Help

ATTENTION: When it precedes a syllable of the fourth tone, as a non-compulsory alternative can be pronounced in the second tone.
Meaning Help
-Eight
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Six
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Again
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-A surname (the n.4 most common Chinese surname)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-First character of the word 医生 ("Physician")
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Ten
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Thousand
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Friend
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Mouth
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Zero
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Number; date
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
ma
Meaning Help
-Used at the end of a declarative sentence to transform it into a question
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
ne
Meaning Help
-Used at the end of an interrogative sentence to ask a question in connection with the preceding topic
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-A surname (the n.9 most common Chinese surname)
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-And, together with
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Elder brother
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Four
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Day
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Too; extremely; very
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Woman
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-She, her
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Good, fine
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Mum, mother
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Elder sister
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Surname (noun); one's surname is (verb)
Character Help
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-Son
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-A surname
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Child
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-It
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
ěr
Meaning Help
-Used to transliterate foreign language names, such as Dell, Wal-Mart, Moldavia, and a lot of famous persons' names. So, what you only need is to remember its pronunciation.
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Used to transliterate foreign language names, such as Disney, Sony, Nikon, Manila, Trinidad, and a lot of famous persons' names. So, what you only need now is to remember its pronunciation.
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Work
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Second character of the word 老师 ("Teacher")
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Year
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Younger brother
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-A surname (the n.3 most common Chinese surname)
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Very
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Law
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Heart
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Busy
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-You (indicating respect)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-I, me
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Skill, technique
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Day
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Good morning; morning (till 9 a.m.)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Immediately following in time
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Star
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-To be
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Month
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Friend
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-A period of time
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-A surname (actually the n.1 most common Chinese surname!)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Come
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-A surname
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Mother
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-A surname
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
ài
Meaning Help
-To love
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Father
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-A surname (the n.2 most common Chinese surname)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Second character of the word 医生 ("Physician")
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Man, male
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Hundred
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
de
Meaning Help
-Used between an attributive adjunct (i.e. an adjective, or a word, phrase, or clause, performing the function of an adjective) and the headword
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-A surname
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Parent
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-First character of the word 老师 ("Teacher")
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-A surname
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-See
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Recognize, know
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Know; knowledge
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Thank
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Expensive, costly; precious; honourable
-Your (term of respect used in polite expressions)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Body
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-All
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-A surname (the n.5 most common Chinese surname)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Zero
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Horse

Description and Examples

The meaning of: 你好!
Lesson 14

It means "Hi!", "How do you do?", "Hello!" It is an everyday greeting and is used at any time, on any occasion and by a person of any social status. The reply should also be "".


The meaning of:
Lesson 24

It is a respectful form of the second person pronoun . It is normally reserved for old people or elders. To show politeness, you may extend its use to people of your own generation, especially at the first meeting.


The meaning of: 你早!
Lesson 26

It is an everyday greeting that is used when people meet each other in the early morning (till 9 a.m.).


The meaning of: 明早见!
Lesson 38

再见 (literally: again-see) means "see you again". Similarly, 明早 (literally: tomorrow morning-see) means "see you tomorrow morning".


The meaning of: 不太好 and 太不好
Lesson 41

Note the different degree of goodness - or badness - that is expressed by the following phrases:

: extremely good.

: very good.

: good.

: not very good.

: bad.

: very bad.

: extremely bad.


The meaning of: 您贵姓?
Lesson 42

This is a respectful and polite way of asking the name of a person.

ATTENTION: The answer is never "", but "".


The meaning of: 他姓什么?
Lesson 44

It is used for asking another person's name. One shouldn't say "?".


How to say: The two of you
Lesson 11

你们


How to say: How are you?
Lesson 16

Just add to the greeting formula "!" changing it into a question!

How are you?

literally: You good

Anyway, please be careful, because its usage actually differs from the English greeting "How are you?" While the English "How are you?" is also an everyday greeting, in Chinese you should ask ? only if you really want to ask about the state of health or condition of a friend, not just as a greeting.


How to say: Yes or No
Lesson 19

Maybe you've already read that one of the meaning of is "yes, right" and that one of the meaning of is "used alone as a negative answer". Anyway, about this simple subject, more must be said.

The most common way of simply and politely answering yes in Chinese is by repeating the main element (verb or adjective) of the question's predicate, or its negative form if you want to answer no.

Example

question: 认识

answer 1: 认识。 (meaning: Yes, I do)

answer 2: 认识。 (meaning: No, I don't)


How to say: How are you? - Part 2
Lesson 22

When you address two or more people, you should say "你们?".

你们


How to write and read a year
Lesson 35

Simply write the number followed by and read every single figure.

NOTE: Number zero () can also be written .

All the following examples are correct:

2000

The following example is wrong:

ATTENTION: Cannot read , must read er4 ling2 ling2 ling2 , every single figure.


How to write and read a month
Lesson 36

Simply write the corresponding number (from 1 to 12) followed by and read as normal.


How to write and read a day
Lesson 37

Simply write the number of the day followed by or and read as normal.

is mainly used in written Chinese, while is preferred in spoken language.


Exercise

Learn by heart the very common expressions just reviewed.


That's all for today. I wish you like my website and go on clicking and clicking on its other sections!


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