Learn Chinese for Free - Lesson 43

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Today's Chinese characters:

王张刘陈周

To begin with, we are going to use today's five characters only as surnames. Anyway, don't play down the importance of memorizing them!

There are at least three reasons:

  1. They are among the 1000 most commonly used characters!
  2. The number of people with these surnames is bigger than the population of United States of America!
  3. Most important, they are not just surnames, they have meaning and make up a lot of frequently used words.
Character Knowledge Meter
21.2%
Today with this lesson your knowledge of Chinese characters will reach 21.2% of all the Chinese language usage!

Characters' Essentials

Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-A surname (the n.2 most common Chinese surname)
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-A surname (the n.3 most common Chinese surname)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-A surname (the n.4 most common Chinese surname)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-A surname (the n.5 most common Chinese surname)
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-A surname (the n.9 most common Chinese surname)

Description and Examples

Did you find the contradiction contained in yesterday's dialogue? You read:

As you can see, between the number , and there's no measure word! Why?

Sentence Structure 26
Numeral-Measure Compounds Acting As Attributives

In modern Chinese, numerals are generally not used to modify nouns directly. One needs to put specific measure words between them.

Examples

技师

律师


Sentence Structure 27
Measure Words Omission - Part 1

Under certain circumstances, the measure word between a numeral and a noun is often omitted. Here we pay special attention to one specific situation.

When the numeral is a big number and the noun refers to people, then the measure word can be (and usually is) omitted.

Examples

朋友

医生

亿


Dialogue 28

A:
认识老师他们老师老师老师老师老师老师
B:
认识老师老师老师老师

Exercise

Read until fluent the following phrases and make sentences with them:


That's all for today. I wish you like my website and go on clicking and clicking on its other sections!


Characters' Details

Chinese Character 85 of 1000

appearance score: # 299
frequency: 0.0743901%
Character Help
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4
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-King, monarch; head, chief; best of its kind, strongest of its kind
-Grand, great
-(A surname)
Pronunciation Help
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-Rule, rule over

There's no difference between the simplified and the traditional version of this character.Help

Chinese Character 86 of 1000

appearance score: # 318
frequency: 0.0703277%
Character Help
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7
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Meaning Help
-Nervous, tense
-(Measure word used for paper, skin, tables, beds, faces, mouths, bows)
-Fix (a bowstring), string (a musical instrument); open, spread, stretch; set out, display; expand, extend; magnify, exaggerate; look; give free rein to, indulge; start business (of a shop), set up; put to good use, give free play to; catch with a net, trap; enlarge
-Zhang (one of the lunar mansions)
-(A surname)

This character has a different traditional version.

Traditional Help
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(same as simplified one's)

Chinese Character 87 of 1000

appearance score: # 751
frequency: 0.0251157%
Character Help
Animation Help
Strokes Help
6
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Conquer; kill; wither
-A weapon; Liu (a state in the Zhou Dynasty)
-(A surname)

This character has a different traditional version.

Traditional Help
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Meaning Help
(same as simplified one's)

Chinese Character 88 of 1000

appearance score: # 525
frequency: 0.0402647%
Character Help
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8
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Explain, state; lay out, put on display
-Old, stale
-Chen (557-589, one of the Southern Dynasties); Chen (a state in the Zhou Dynasty)
-(A surname)

This character has a different traditional version.

Traditional Help
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(same as simplified one's)

Chinese Character 89 of 1000

appearance score: # 490
frequency: 0.0430823%
Character Help
Animation Help
Strokes Help
8
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Circumference, periphery, circuit; week; cycle; Zhou Dynasty (c. 11th century-256B.C.); Northern Zhou Dynasty (557-581, one of the Northern Dynasties); Later Zhou Dynasty (951-960, one of the Five Dynasties)
-Make a circuit, move in a circular course; help sb. out
-All, whole, entire, all over; thoughtful, attentive
-(A surname)

This character has two different traditional versions.

Traditional Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Circumference, periphery, circuit; week; cycle
Traditional Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Help sb. out

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