Learn Chinese for Free - Lesson 349
Today's Chinese characters:
This is step 4 of 5 of our review process. All characters are ordered according to their radicals. Below you find the interesting "The Meaning Of" and "How To" tables!
Description and Examples
The meaning of: 你好！
It means "Hi!", "How do you do?", "Hello!" It is an everyday greeting and is used at any time, on any occasion and by a person of any social status. The reply should also be "你
The meaning of: 您
It is a respectful form of the second person pronoun 你
The meaning of: 你早！
It is an everyday greeting that is used when people meet each other in the early morning (till 9 a.m.).
The meaning of: 明早见！
The meaning of: 不太好 and 太不好
Note the different degree of goodness - or badness - that is expressed by the following phrases:
The meaning of: 您贵姓？
This is a respectful and polite way of asking the name of a person.
ATTENTION: The answer is never "我
The meaning of: 他姓什么？
The meaning of: 你叫什么名字？
It is used by elders when they want to know the names of young people or between young people. One may also say "你
One shouldn't use it, therefore, when he wants to know an elder's name or when he needs to show respect and politeness to his hearer. Use "您
The meaning of: 张家和王家
The meaning of: “您是⋯⋯”
It means "Who are you?" (literally "You are...") The hearer should respond with her name or social status. Such a sentence is used only when a stranger has started to speak to you.
The meaning of: 请问，您哪位？
This is another polite way to ask about the identity of a stranger who has started to speak to us, or call us.
Like what we said about "你
The meaning of: 几个人？
How to say: The two of you
How to say: How are you?
literally: You good吗
Anyway, please be careful, because its usage actually differs from the English greeting "How are you?" While the English "How are you?" is also an everyday greeting, in Chinese you should ask 你
How to say: Yes or No
Maybe you've already read that one of the meaning of 是
The most common way of simply and politely answering yes in Chinese is by repeating the main element (verb or adjective) of the question's predicate, or its negative form if you want to answer no.
answer 1: 认识
How to say: How are you? - Part 2
How to and when read 儿 as 'r'
This is a feature, called erhua or erization, of Standard Mandarin Chinese.
When an erization occurs, 儿
For example, the pronunciation of 孩儿
How do you know when 儿
Just for you to know, despite being a rule of Standard Mandarin, in the south of China (including Shanghai) it is definitely unknown or completely ignored. It seems that a lot of people really don't like it!
How to write and read a year
Simply write the number followed by 年
All the following examples are correct:
The following example is wrong:
ATTENTION: Cannot read 二
How to write and read a month
Simply write the corresponding number (from 1 to 12) followed by 月
How to write and read a day
How to say: How do you spell it?
"Smith, ess em i tee aitch!" The surname Smith is made up of five letters. To clear up all doubt on how to write it, we just read it letter by letter. Chinese surnames (actually all Chinese characters) are not made up of letters, but of strokes, figures, parts. How can we ask to and actually "spell" a Chinese character? Chinese people "spell" a character in two ways:
That is: Out of those characters whose pronunciation is hu2, which one?
That is: Out of those characters whose pronunciation is míng, which one?
Learn by heart the very common expressions just reviewed.
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