Learn Chinese for Free - Lesson 34

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Today's Chinese characters:

父母亲

妈妈 is the colloquial word for 'mother' (mummy, mum, ma). Today you're going to learn how to address her, and your father, in a more formal way.

Character Knowledge Meter
19.4%
Today with this lesson your knowledge of Chinese characters will reach 19.4% of all the Chinese language usage!

Characters' Essentials

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-Father
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-Mother
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-Parent

Description and Examples

Word
Pronunciation Help
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Father and mother; parents
Word
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Father
Word
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Mother
Word
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
Fathers do their duties as fathers and sons do their duties as sons
Word
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
Fathers neglet their duties as fathers while sons neglet their duties as sons


Dialogue 19

A:
认识父母
B:
认识
A:
父亲母亲
B:
你们你们儿子朋友
CD:

Welcome back our dear number one most frequently used Chinese character!

Let's see how it's used in today's dialogue.

你们儿子朋友

First of all, a little review:

is used between an attributive (before ) and the headword (after ).

An attributive usually modifies a noun and the modified is called headword or central word. Sometimes, the structural particle is needed between the attributive and the headword; at other times, however, it is not required.

sometimes: ATTRIBUTIVE + HEADWORD

at other times: ATTRIBUTIVE + + HEADWORD

When a personal pronoun is used as an attributive and the headword is a word for relatives, parts of the body or units or collectives to which the pronoun belongs, the structural particle may be omitted.

In our sentence, is omitted when it's said "你们儿子", because we have here a personal pronoun used as an attributive and the headword is a word for relatives.

你们: Attributive
儿子: Headword

As you can see, however, this attributive-headword construction itself is used as an attributive, and this time cannot be omitted.

你们儿子朋友

你们儿子: Attributive
朋友: Headword

In English we'd say "the friend of your son" or "your son's friend".

Exercise

Find the mistakes

父亲

母亲


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Characters' Details

Chinese Character 70 of 1000

appearance score: # 589
frequency: 0.0354390%
Character Help
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Strokes Help
4
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-Father; male relative of a senior generation; person who invents something, person who begins something
Pronunciation Help
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-Man, elderly man; a man's courtesy name
-(A surname)

There's no difference between the simplified and the traditional version of this character.Help

Chinese Character 71 of 1000

appearance score: # 565
frequency: 0.0369304%
Character Help
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5
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-Mother; one's elderly female relatives; concave; source
-Female
-(A surname)

There's no difference between the simplified and the traditional version of this character.Help

Chinese Character 72 of 1000

appearance score: # 362
frequency: 0.0612137%
Character Help
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9
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-Parent; relative; marriage, match; bride
-Related by blood; close, intimate, dear
-In person, personally
-Kiss; be close to
-(A surname)
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-(First character of the Chinese word meaning 'parents of one's daughter-in-law or son-in-law' and 'relatives by marriage': 亲家)

This character has a different traditional version.

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(same as simplified one's)

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