Learn Chinese for Free - Lesson 33

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Today's Chinese characters:

今天

今天 is a time word. You're going to learn a very important piece of grammar: the use of time words as an adverbial adjunct.

Character Knowledge Meter
19.2%
Today with this lesson your knowledge of Chinese characters will reach 19.2% of all the Chinese language usage!

Characters' Essentials

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Now, today
Character Help
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Day

Description and Examples

Word
Pronunciation Help
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Today


Dialogue 18

A:
老师今天
B:

Sentence Structure 20
Adverbial Adjuncts

An adverbial adjunct is used to modify a verb or an adjective. Adverbs, adjectives, time words and prepositional constructions can all be used as an adverbial adjunct. They usually precede the part which is being modified.

Examples of adverbs used as an adverbial adjunct

他们

他们:
Subject
:
Adverbial adjunct
:
Verb

:
Subject
:
Adverbial adjunct
:
Adjective

Example of time word used as an adverbial adjunct

他们今天

他们:
Subject
今天:
Adverbial adjunct
:
Verb

Sentence Structure 21
Time Words used as adverbial adjuncts

Time words are nouns or numeral-measure compounds indicating time.

They may be used as subjects, objects, predicates, modifiers, headwords in a "" structure, complements, or adverbial adjuncts. Here we pay special attention to their use as adverbial adjuncts.

When used as an adverbial adjunct, time words generally come before the main element of the predicate.

Example

他们今天

Anyway, when special emphasis is laid on the time words, they may be shifted before the subject to the beginning of the sentence.

Example

今天他们
(emphasis on 今天)


Exercise

Do you remember their meaning and pronunciation?
(sorry, this time no pinyin!)


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Characters' Details

Chinese Character 68 of 1000

appearance score: # 336
frequency: 0.0654374%
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4
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Modern, present-day, now, present, nowadays; this (year); today

There's no difference between the simplified and the traditional version of this character.Help

Chinese Character 69 of 1000

appearance score: # 78
frequency: 0.2169898%
Character Help
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4
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-Sky, heaven; day; a period of time in a day; season; weather; nature; God, Heaven
-Overhead; natural, innate
-(A surname)

There's no difference between the simplified and the traditional version of this character.Help

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