Learn Chinese for Free - Lesson 18

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Today's Chinese characters:

很忙

Sentences without verbs are very common in Chinese. The adjectival predicate sentence is one of them.

Character Knowledge Meter
15.8%
Today with this lesson your knowledge of Chinese characters will reach 15.8% of all the Chinese language usage!

Characters' Essentials

Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Very
Character Help
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Busy

Description and Examples

How many verbs does this conversation contain?

Dialogue 3

A:
B:
A:
B:
A:

Sentence Structure 10
Adjectival Predicate Sentence

The adjectival predicate sentence is a sentence with an adjective as the main element of its predicate. This type of sentence describes the state which a person or thing is in. No is used to join the predicate with the subject. In an affirmative sentence the adjectival predicate is usually preceded by , which is a weakened adverb here without much significance of an adverb of degree.

Examples

老师

Without , comparison or contrast is often implied.

Example

老师

However, in answering an alternative question, may be left out.

Example

A:
医生
B:
医生

is used before the predicate for negation.

Example

A:
医生
B:
医生

PRONUNCIATION RULE: As said in lesson 6, when two third tones come together, the first third tone changes into the second tone, that is: 3rd + 3rd changes into 2nd + 3rd.

If more than two third tones are in succession, you can both:

1)Pronounce only the last third tone as so, while change all the others into the second tone, that is 3rd + 3rd + 3rd + 3rd changes into 2nd + 2nd + 2nd + 3rd
3+3+3+3 ---> 2+2+2+3

or

2)Alternate 2nd and 3rd tones so that the last third tone is pronounced as so, that is 3rd + 3rd + 3rd + 3rd changes into 2nd + 3rd + 2nd + 3rd
3+3+3+3 ---> 2+3+2+3

Example

pronunciation: wo2 hen2 hao3

or: wo3 hen2 hao3

Exercise

Give an affirmative and a negative answer to the following questions:


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Characters' Details

Chinese Character 40 of 1000

appearance score: # 138
frequency: 0.1468972%
Character Help
Animation Help
Strokes Help
9
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Very

There's no difference between the simplified and the traditional version of this character.Help

Chinese Character 41 of 1000

appearance score: # 827
frequency: 0.0217184%
Character Help
Animation Help
Strokes Help
6
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Busy; hurry, hasten
-(A surname)

There's no difference between the simplified and the traditional version of this character.Help

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