Learn Chinese for Free - Lesson 13

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Today's Chinese character:

Today, at last, I have the pleasure to introduce the number one most frequently used Chinese character! In order to be able to write in Chinese the sentence "She's my teacher", you don't need any other character.

Character Knowledge Meter
13.5%
Today with this lesson your knowledge of Chinese characters will reach 13.5% of all the Chinese language usage!

Characters' Essentials

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de
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Used between a modifier and a noun

Description and Examples

A modifier is a word or phrase which modifies or qualify a noun. The modified noun is called headword or central word. Sometimes, the structural particle is needed between the modifier and the noun; at other times, however, it is not required.

sometimes: MODIFIER + NOUN

at other times: MODIFIER + + NOUN

Gradually you'll learn when is to be used and when it is not. Here we are going to see how to use it.

Sentence Structure 5
Modifier+的+Noun

A modifier (i.e. any word, phrase, or clause, except conjunctions, grammatical particles, interjections, and exclamations) is used in this structure to qualify or modify a noun (headword). is placed between modifier and headword.

MODIFIER + + HEADWORD

To make learning easier, the examples will be divided as follows:

  • Pronoun+的+Noun
  • Noun+的+Noun
  • Substantive+的+Noun
  • Time word+的+Noun
  • Place+的+Noun
  • Verb+的+Noun
  • Adjective+的+Noun
  • Adverb+的+Noun
  • Prepositional phrase+的+Noun
  • Onomatopoeia+的+Noun
  • Phrase+的+Noun

IMPORTANT: remember that the noun (headword) is always placed AFTER .


Sentence Structure 6
Pronoun+的+Noun

This structure is used to indicate a relationship of belonging, possession, etc.

Let's take the phrase "my teacher" as example. Since "my" is the possessive genitive of "I", we would literally say "I teacher".

"My teacher" is literally: I teacher

that is:

老师

:
modifier
老师:
headword

Pronouns used as modifiers:

Chinese
English
my
Chinese
English
your (singular)
Chinese
English
his
Chinese
English
her
Chinese
English
its
Chinese
我们
English
our
Chinese
你们
English
your (plural)
Chinese
他们
English
their (of males, or males and females)
Chinese
她们
English
their (of females)
Chinese
它们
English
their (of animals or things)

Sentence Structure 7
In​flec​tion in Chinese?

The concept of in​flec​tion, that is the change of form that nouns, verbs and adjectives undergo in English to mark such distinctions as those number, tense, or person is foreign to Chinese language, so that the phrase 老师 might be translated both as "my teacher" and "my teachers".

So the good news is that all English rules about inflection can just be ignored!


Exercise

Have I forgotten to write the Chinese sentence "She is my teacher"? No, I just am quite sure you can write it by yourself!
Tip: apply what you have studied about the declarative "" sentence and about the attributive genitive.


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Characters' Details

Chinese Character 30 of 1000

appearance score: # 1
frequency: 4.0943253%
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8
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-(Used after an attributive adjunct, i.e. an adjective, or a word, phrase, or clause, performing the function of an adjective:
1. when the attributive adjunct is used to qualify or modify the headword;
2. when between the attributive adjunct and the headword there is a relationship of belonging;
3. when the attributive adjunct is a person and the headword is a noun for a job or a function, to indicate that the person holds that role;
4. when the attributive adjunct is a person and the headword is preceded by a verb, to indicate that the person is the receiver of the action)
-(Used without headword:
1. takes the place of who or what has been mentioned in the preceding part of the text;
2. stands for a generic person or thing;
3. indicates a certain situation;
4. when there's a series of preceded and followed each by the same verb, adjective, etc., it has the meaning of 'this and that', 'either ... and ...')
-(Used after the verbal predicate, gives emphasis to the action's doer, place, time, etc.
ATTENTION: this construction is only used for past actions)
-(Used at the end of a statement, indicates certainty)
-(Used after two or more words of the same kind, its meaning is similar to 'so on' or 'etc.')
-(Used between two numeral-classifier compounds, it means multiply or add)
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True, exact, real
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Target, bull's-eye

There's no difference between the simplified and the traditional version of this character.Help

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Thank you!

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