Learn Chinese for Free - Lesson 99

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Today's Chinese characters:

上东亚中书乐卫飞了京伊会伦住俄信候做克兰兴兵写农习几分刚利刻加包北半南博印去发古只叫司吃同名向吧听员哪商回国在城堂士多大夫买婚字学守官室家察对导小少层岁差巴干度影德志意房手打护报拉拿探政教文斯时晚智电有木本术机杂极楼欧比民水汉没治法波洋洲海清点牙现班理画留目看睡离秘空索结罗美者职肯艺英行西视觉诗语说请谁警货起路军近这进那里钟银长间院险非面音食饭高鲁

This is step 4 of 5 of our review process. All characters are ordered according to their radicals. Below you find the interesting "The Meaning Of" and "How To" tables!

Characters' Essentials

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-Up
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-East
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-Short for Asia
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-Centre, middle; in, among
-China
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-Book
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-Music
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-Defend (in this lesson it's used in the name 大卫)
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-Fly
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le
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-Modal particle placed at the end of a sentence to indicate a change or the emergence of a new situation.
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-The capital of a country (in this lesson it's used in the name 刘京)
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-First character of the Chinese word for "Iraq" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Be able to (after learning)
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-Second character of the Chinese word for "Colombia" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Live, reside
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é
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-First character of the Chinese word for "Russia" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Letter
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-Time
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-Do, work at; make, manufacture, produce
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-Third character of the Chinese word for "Iraq" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Orchid (in this lesson it's used in the name 王兰)
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-Excitement
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-Soldier
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-Write
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-Agriculture; farmer
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-Practise, exercise, review
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-How many
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-Minute
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-Hard, strong; first name of the Chinese n.2 most common full name
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-Profit; wealth
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-A quarter (of an hour)
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-First character of the Chinese word for "Canada" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Package, bag
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-North
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-Half
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-South
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-Abundant; have a wide knowledge of
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-First character of the Chinese word for "India" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Go
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-Hair
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-Ancient, paleo-, archeo-
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-Only, just, merely, simply
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-Call, name
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-Attend to, take charge of, manage
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-Eat
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-Together, in common
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-Name; famous
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-Direction
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ba
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-Used at the end of a sentence to indicate suggestion, request or command
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-Listen
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-A person engaged in some field of activity
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Before measure words or before numeral-measure word compounds, it is often pronounced nai3 or nei3.
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-Which, what
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-Merchant; commerce
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-Return
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-Country, nation
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-Stay
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-City wall
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-A hall or room for a specific purpose
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-Soldier; a person trained in a certain field
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-Many
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-Big
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-First character of the Chinese word for "doctor, physician"
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-A person engaged in manual labour
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-Buy
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-Marriage
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-Character, word
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-Study
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-Guard, defend
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-Government official, officer
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-Room
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-Family; home; a person or family engaged in a certain trade; a specialist in a certain field
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-Examine, observe
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-Correct, right
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-Guide
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-In this lesson it's used in the names 马小清 and 马小民, but please remember that it means "small, little".
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-Few
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-Floor
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-Year (of age)
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-Wanting, short of
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-First character of the Chinese word for "Brasil" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Do, work, attend to
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-Second character of the Chinese word for "India" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Film, movie
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-Virtue
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-Records, annals
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-Meaning; wish; short for Italy
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-House; room
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-Hand; a person doing or good at a certain job
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-Strike, hit, knock
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-Protect, guard, shield
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-Newspaper; periodical, journal
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-Second character of the Chinese word for "Iraq" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Second character of the Chinese word for "Canada" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Explore
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-Politics, political affairs
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-Teach, instruct
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-Teach, instruct
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-Writing; culture
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-Third character of the Chinese word for "Russia" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Time
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-Evening
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-First character of the Chinese word for "Chile" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Electricity
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-Have
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-Tree; wood, timber
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-Stem or root of plants; foundation
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-Art
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-Machine, engine
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-Miscellaneous, varied, sundry, mixed
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-Pole
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-A storied building
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ōu
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-Short for Europe
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-Third character of the Chinese word for "Colombia" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-The people (in this lesson it's used in the name 马小民)
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-Water; a general term for rivers, lakes, seas, etc.
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-Chinese (language)
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-Used to form the negative of the verb
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-Rule
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-Law; method
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-Wave; first name of the Chinese n.1 most common full name
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-Ocean
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-Continent
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-Sea, big lake; first name of the Chinese n.3 most common full name
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-Clear, distinct (in this lesson it's used in the name 马小清)
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-Hour
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-Tooth
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-Now
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-Second character of the Chinese word for "Spain" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Put in proper order, clean up, tidy up
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-Be decorated with paintings or pictures
-Drawing, painting, picture
-Paint, draw
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-Study abroad
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-Eye, eyes
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-See
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-Sleep
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-Be at a distance from, be apart from, be away from
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-First character of the Chinese word for "Peru" - Careful, the other pronunciation is more important
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-Sky, air
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-First character of the Chinese word for "Somalia" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Tie, unite
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-Second character of the Chinese word for "Russia" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Beautiful; short for America
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-Used after an adjective or verb as a substitute for a person or a thing
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-Office, post, position
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-First character of the Chinese word for "Kenya" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Art
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-Britain; English
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-Do, perform; behaviour, conduct
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-Business firm
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-West
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-Look at
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-Sleep
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-Poetry, verse, poem
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-Language
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-Say
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-Please
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shéi
ATTENTION: This character can also be pronounced shui2 with the same meaning.
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-Who
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-Alert, vigilant; alarm, police
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-Goods, commodity
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-Group
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-Road
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-Armed forces; first name of the Chinese n.5 most common full name
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-Near, close
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-This
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-Come or go into
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-That
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-Third character of the Chinese word for "Somalia"
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li
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-In, inside
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-Time as measured in hours and minutes
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-Silver; relating to currency
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-Long
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-Room
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-A designation for certain government offices and public places
-College, institute
-Hospital
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-A place difficult of access; danger
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-Short for Africa
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-Wheat flour
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-Sound
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-Food
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-Meal
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-Tall, high; of a high level or degree
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-Second character of the Chinese word for "Peru" - Choose a fun meaning!

Description and Examples

The meaning of: 你叫什么名字?

It is used by elders when they want to know the names of young people or between young people. One may also say "什么?".

One shouldn't use it, therefore, when he wants to know an elder's name or when he needs to show respect and politeness to his hearer. Use "?" instead.


The meaning of: 张家和王家

after a surname indicates all the members of that family. So, we would translate as "the Zhangs and the Wangs".


The meaning of: “您是⋯⋯”

It means "Who are you?" (literally "You are...") The hearer should respond with her name or social status. Such a sentence is used only when a stranger has started to speak to you.

Caution: "?" is a rather impolite inquiry. So normally one avoids asking a stranger "?".


The meaning of: 请问,您哪位?

This is another polite way to ask about the identity of a stranger who has started to speak to us, or call us.

Like what we said about "", the meaning is "Who are you?" and the answer should be the name or social status.


The meaning of: 几个人?

At the restaurant is a very common inquiry and often is the very first thing they ask you, not even giving you the time to say

? means "How many people?"


How to say: How do you spell it?

"Smith, ess em i tee aitch!" The surname Smith is made up of five letters. To clear up all doubt on how to write it, we just read it letter by letter. Chinese surnames (actually all Chinese characters) are not made up of letters, but of strokes, figures, parts. How can we ask to and actually "spell" a Chinese character? Chinese people "spell" a character in two ways:

  1. refer to the character's component parts;
  2. refer to words composed by that character.

Example 1

Question:
什么 hu2
That is: Out of those characters whose pronunciation is hu2, which one?
Answer:

That is: The character, whose pronunciation is hu2, that is composed by the symbols and .

Example 2

Question:
什么 ming2
That is: Out of those characters whose pronunciation is ming2, which one?
Answer 1:

That is: The character, whose pronunciation is ming2, that is composed by the symbols and .
Answer 2:
明天
That is: The character, whose pronunciation is ming2, that is contained in the word 明天.

Exercise

Learn by heart the very common expressions just reviewed.


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