Learn Chinese for Free - Lesson 98

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Today's Chinese characters:

几了大小卫士飞习上干木文牙艺夫水手中巴比书分长少古叫兰民包术发司打本东北加印去目电写乐汉只半对名字兴刚军守农向导机杂行亚在西伊伦回同买岁有吃多会员护兵这那利进极里克听志报没时饭吧住间层近波京学者画货诗治空官英国法欧非罗拉肯视现刻房面政美洲南洋度俄看信音语结室点钟差城食觉说高海留险家谁请哪拿索班秘候起院离清做职探理商晚婚银教堂博斯智鲁意睡楼路察德影警

This is step 3 of 5 of our review process. All characters are ordered according to their strokes number. Please, review all grammar points as explained in the Sentence Structure tables below.

Characters' Essentials

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-How many
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le
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-Modal particle placed at the end of a sentence to indicate a change or the emergence of a new situation.
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-Big
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-First character of the Chinese word for "doctor, physician"
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-In this lesson it's used in the names 马小清 and 马小民, but please remember that it means "small, little".
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-Defend (in this lesson it's used in the name 大卫)
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-Soldier; a person trained in a certain field
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-Fly
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-Practise, exercise, review
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-Up
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-Do, work, attend to
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-Tree; wood, timber
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-Writing; culture
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-Tooth
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-Art
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-A person engaged in manual labour
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-Water; a general term for rivers, lakes, seas, etc.
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-Hand; a person doing or good at a certain job
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-Centre, middle; in, among
-China
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-First character of the Chinese word for "Brasil" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Third character of the Chinese word for "Colombia" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Book
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-Minute
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-Long
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-Few
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-Ancient, paleo-, archeo-
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-Call, name
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-Orchid (in this lesson it's used in the name 王兰)
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-The people (in this lesson it's used in the name 马小民)
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-Package, bag
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-Art
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-Hair
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-Attend to, take charge of, manage
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-Strike, hit, knock
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-Stem or root of plants; foundation
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-East
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-North
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-First character of the Chinese word for "Canada" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-First character of the Chinese word for "India" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Go
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-Eye, eyes
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-Electricity
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-Write
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-Music
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-Chinese (language)
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-Only, just, merely, simply
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-Half
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-Correct, right
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-Name; famous
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-Character, word
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-Excitement
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-Hard, strong; first name of the Chinese n.2 most common full name
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-Armed forces; first name of the Chinese n.5 most common full name
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-Guard, defend
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-Agriculture; farmer
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-Direction
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-Guide
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-Machine, engine
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-Miscellaneous, varied, sundry, mixed
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-Do, perform; behaviour, conduct
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-Business firm
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-Short for Asia
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-Stay
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西
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-West
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-First character of the Chinese word for "Iraq" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Second character of the Chinese word for "Colombia" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Return
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-Together, in common
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-Buy
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-Year (of age)
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-Have
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-Eat
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-Many
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-Be able to (after learning)
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-A person engaged in some field of activity
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-Protect, guard, shield
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-Soldier
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-This
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-That
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-Profit; wealth
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-Come or go into
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-Pole
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-Third character of the Chinese word for "Somalia"
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li
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-In, inside
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-Third character of the Chinese word for "Iraq" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Listen
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-Records, annals
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-Newspaper; periodical, journal
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-Used to form the negative of the verb
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-Time
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-Meal
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ba
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-Used at the end of a sentence to indicate suggestion, request or command
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-Live, reside
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-Room
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-Floor
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-Near, close
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-Wave; first name of the Chinese n.1 most common full name
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-The capital of a country (in this lesson it's used in the name 刘京)
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-Study
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-Used after an adjective or verb as a substitute for a person or a thing
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-Be decorated with paintings or pictures
-Drawing, painting, picture
-Paint, draw
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-Goods, commodity
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-Poetry, verse, poem
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-Rule
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-Sky, air
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-Government official, officer
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-Britain; English
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-Country, nation
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-Law; method
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ōu
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-Short for Europe
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-Short for Africa
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-Second character of the Chinese word for "Russia" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Second character of the Chinese word for "Iraq" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-First character of the Chinese word for "Kenya" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Look at
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-Now
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-A quarter (of an hour)
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-House; room
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-Wheat flour
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-Politics, political affairs
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-Beautiful; short for America
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-Continent
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-South
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-Ocean
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-Second character of the Chinese word for "India" - Choose a fun meaning!
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é
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-First character of the Chinese word for "Russia" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-See
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-Letter
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-Sound
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-Language
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-Tie, unite
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-Room
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-Hour
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-Time as measured in hours and minutes
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-Wanting, short of
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-City wall
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-Food
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-Sleep
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-Say
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-Tall, high; of a high level or degree
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-Sea, big lake; first name of the Chinese n.3 most common full name
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-Study abroad
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-A place difficult of access; danger
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-Family; home; a person or family engaged in a certain trade; a specialist in a certain field
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shéi
ATTENTION: This character can also be pronounced shui2 with the same meaning.
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-Who
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-Please
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Before measure words or before numeral-measure word compounds, it is often pronounced nai3 or nei3.
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-Which, what
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-Second character of the Chinese word for "Canada" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-First character of the Chinese word for "Somalia" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Second character of the Chinese word for "Spain" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-First character of the Chinese word for "Peru" - Careful, the other pronunciation is more important
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-Time
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-Group
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-A designation for certain government offices and public places
-College, institute
-Hospital
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-Be at a distance from, be apart from, be away from
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-Clear, distinct (in this lesson it's used in the name 马小清)
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-Do, work at; make, manufacture, produce
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-Office, post, position
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-Explore
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-Put in proper order, clean up, tidy up
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-Merchant; commerce
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-Evening
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-Marriage
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-Silver; relating to currency
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-Teach, instruct
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-Teach, instruct
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-A hall or room for a specific purpose
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-Abundant; have a wide knowledge of
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-Third character of the Chinese word for "Russia" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-First character of the Chinese word for "Chile" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Second character of the Chinese word for "Peru" - Choose a fun meaning!
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-Meaning; wish; short for Italy
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-Sleep
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-A storied building
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-Road
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-Examine, observe
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-Virtue
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-Film, movie
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-Alert, vigilant; alarm, police

Description and Examples

Sentence Structure 29
The Sentence with Verbal Constructions in Series - Part 1

If a sentence with a verbal predicate is composed of two (or more) verbs or verbal phrases which share the same subject, it is known as the sentence with verbal constructions in series.

Example

面包

:
Subject
:
First Verbal Phrase
面包
:
Second Verbal Phrase

Sentence Structure 30
The Sentence with Verbal Constructions in Series - Part 2
Indicating the purpose of an action

In this kind of sentence with verbal constructions in series, the second verb (or verbal phrase) tells the purpose of the action indicated by the first verb (or verbal phrase).

Example

面包

:
Subject
:
Action
面包
:
Purpose of the action

Sentence Structure 31
The Declarative “是” Sentence - Part 2

The verb ties two things, indicating that they are identical or that the second explains or states the case of the first.

Both forms "AB" and "BA" are correct, but their meanings are slightly different. Examples:

Example 1

刘波

The point here is which name I have.

刘波

Here the point is who has that name.

Example 2

今天工作画家 杂货商 诗人水手

The point here is which occupations are today's occupations.

画家 杂货商 诗人水手今天工作

Here the point is the listed occupations are which day's occupations.


Sentence Structure 32
Interrogative Word “谁”

As said in reference to 什么, an interrogative word may be used to raise a question and it is placed where the answer is expected. Here we pay special attention to the word used as interrogative.

refers always to people.

Example

Question:

Answer:


Sentence Structure 33
Interrogative Word “哪”

Here we pay special attention to the word used as interrogative.

refers both to people and to things. It means "which, what".

Example

Question:

Answer: 英国人


Sentence Structure 34
Questions with “是不是”

The expression can be used to raise questions when the speaker wants to confirm what she already believes. can be placed at the beginning of the sentence, at the end of the sentence or between the subject and the predicate.

Examples

今天

今天

今天

明天星期五

今天二月


Sentence Structure 35
Interrogative Word “哪里”

Here we pay special attention to the word 哪里 used as interrogative.

It means "where".

Example

Question: 哪里

Answer: 东京


Sentence Structure 36
Interrogative Word “几”

Here we pay special attention to the word used as interrogative.

As you already know, an interrogative word is placed where the answer is expected. is no exception.

is used to ask about an estimated number under 10.

Exception: is used in asking about the month or day, even if they are numbers greater than 10.

Example 1

明天星期

When precedes a noun, a measure word is required between them.

Example 2

学生


Sentence Structure 37
The Question With “……,好吗?”

It is a way of soliciting an opinion from the person you are talking to after making a proposal. The first part of the question is a declarative sentence.

If the reply is positive, just say .

Examples

我们明天

今天晚上你们


Exercise

For each grammar point, please give at least one more example.


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