Learn Chinese for Free - Lesson 34

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Today's Chinese characters:

父母亲

ma1ma5ma1ma5 is the colloquial word for 'mother' (mummy, mum, ma). Today you're going to learn how to address her, and your father, in a more formal way.

Character Knowledge Meter
19.4%
Today with this lesson your knowledge of Chinese characters will reach 19.4% of all the Chinese language usage!

Characters' Essentials

Character Help
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fu4
Meaning Help
-Father
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mu3
Meaning Help
-Mother
Character Help
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Meaning Help
-Parent

Description and Examples

Word
fu4mu3
Pronunciation Help
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Father and mother; parents
Word
fu4qin5
Pronunciation Help
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Father
Word
mu3qin5
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
Mother
Word
fu4fu4zi2zi3
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
Fathers do their duties as fathers and sons do their duties as sons
Word
fu4bu2fu4zi3bu4zi3
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
Fathers neglet their duties as fathers while sons neglet their duties as sons


Dialogue 19

A:
ni3ren4shi5ren4shi5wo3fu4mu3fu4mu3ma5
B:
bu2ren4shi5ren4shi5
A:
ta1shi4wo3fu4qin5fu4qin5ta1shi4wo3mu3qin5mu3qin5
B:
ni3men5ni3men5hao3wo3shi4ni3men5ni3men5er2zi5er2zi5de5peng2you5peng2you5
CD:
ni2hao3

Welcome back our dear number one most frequently used Chinese character!

Let's see how it's used in today's dialogue.

wo3shi4ni3men5ni3men5er2zi5er2zi5de5peng2you5peng2you5

First of all, a little review:

de5 is used between an attributive (before de5) and the headword (after de5).

An attributive usually modifies a noun and the modified is called headword or central word. Sometimes, the structural particle de5 is needed between the attributive and the headword; at other times, however, it is not required.

sometimes: ATTRIBUTIVE + HEADWORD

at other times: ATTRIBUTIVE + de5 + HEADWORD

When a personal pronoun is used as an attributive and the headword is a word for relatives, parts of the body or units or collectives to which the pronoun belongs, the structural particle de5 may be omitted.

In our sentence, de5 is omitted when it's said "ni3men5ni3men5er2zi5er2zi5", because we have here a personal pronoun used as an attributive and the headword is a word for relatives.

ni3men5ni3men5: Attributive
er2zi5er2zi5: Headword

As you can see, however, this attributive-headword construction itself is used as an attributive, and this time de5 cannot be omitted.

ni3men5ni3men5er2zi5er2zi5de5peng2you5peng2you5

ni3men5ni3men5er2zi5er2zi5: Attributive
peng2you5peng2you5: Headword

In English we'd say "the friend of your son" or "your son's friend".

Exercise

Find the mistakes

ta1shi4wo3fu4qin5fu4qin5

ta1shi4wo3mu3qin5mu3qin5


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Characters' Details

Chinese Character 70 of 1000

appearance score: # 589
frequency: 0.0354390%
Character Help
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Strokes Help
4
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-Father; male relative of a senior generation; person who invents something, person who begins something
Pronunciation Help
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-Man, elderly man; a man's courtesy name
-(A surname)

There's no difference between the simplified and the traditional version of this character.Help

Chinese Character 71 of 1000

appearance score: # 565
frequency: 0.0369304%
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5
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-Mother; one's elderly female relatives; concave; source
-Female
-(A surname)

There's no difference between the simplified and the traditional version of this character.Help

Chinese Character 72 of 1000

appearance score: # 362
frequency: 0.0612137%
Character Help
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9
Pronunciation Help
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-Parent; relative; marriage, match; bride
-Related by blood; close, intimate, dear
-In person, personally
-Kiss; be close to
-(A surname)
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
-(First character of the Chinese word meaning 'parents of one's daughter-in-law or son-in-law' and 'relatives by marriage': qing4jia5qing4jia5)

This character has a different traditional version.

Traditional Help
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(same as simplified one's)

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I will contact you ASAP!

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