Learn Chinese for Free - Lesson 33

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Today's Chinese characters:

今天

jin1tian1jin1tian1 is a time word. You're going to learn a very important piece of grammar: the use of time words as an adverbial adjunct.

Character Knowledge Meter
19.2%
Today with this lesson your knowledge of Chinese characters will reach 19.2% of all the Chinese language usage!

Characters' Essentials

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-Now, today
Character Help
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-Day

Description and Examples

Word
jin1tian1
Pronunciation Help
Meaning Help
Today


Dialogue 18

A:
ni3de5lao3shi1lao3shi1jin1tian1jin1tian1lai2ma5
B:
lai2

Sentence Structure 18
Adverbial Adjuncts

An adverbial adjunct is used to modify a verb or an adjective. Adverbs, adjectives, time words and prepositional constructions can all be used as an adverbial adjunct. They usually precede the part which is being modified.

Examples of adverbs used as an adverbial adjunct

ta1men5ta1men5dou1lai2

ta1men5ta1men5
:
Subject
dou1
:
Adverbial adjunct
lai2
:
Verb

wo3hen3hao3

wo3
:
Subject
hen3
:
Adverbial adjunct
hao3
:
Adjective

Example of time word used as an adverbial adjunct

ta1men5ta1men5jin1tian1jin1tian1lai2

ta1men5ta1men5
:
Subject
jin1tian1jin1tian1
:
Adverbial adjunct
lai2
:
Verb

Sentence Structure 19
Time Words Used As An Adverbial Adjunct

Time words are nouns or numeral-measure compounds indicating time.

They may be used as subjects, objects, predicates, attributives, complements, or adverbial adjuncts. Here we pay special attention to their use as an adverbial adjunct.

When used as an adverbial adjunct, time words generally come before the main element of the predicate.

Example

ta1men5ta1men5jin1tian1jin1tian1lai2

Anyway, when special emphasis is laid on the time words, they may be shifted before the subject to the beginning of the sentence.

Example

jin1tian1jin1tian1ta1men5ta1men5lai2

(emphasis on jin1tian1jin1tian1)


Exercise

Do you remember their meaning and pronunciation?
(sorry, this time no pinyin!)


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Characters' Details

Chinese Character 68 of 1000

appearance score: # 336
frequency: 0.0654374%
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4
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-Modern, present-day, now, present, nowadays; this (year); today

There's no difference between the simplified and the traditional version of this character.Help

Chinese Character 69 of 1000

appearance score: # 78
frequency: 0.2169898%
Character Help
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4
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-Sky, heaven; day; a period of time in a day; season; weather; nature; God, Heaven
-Overhead; natural, innate
-(A surname)

There's no difference between the simplified and the traditional version of this character.Help

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