Learn Chinese for Free - Lesson 249

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Today's Chinese characters:

义代众保入总及反受变各响土场处奇左己底建或托指料洛派特红统背脚节草虽表解计讲许论量金顿黑

This is step 4 of 5 of our review process. All characters are ordered according to their radicals. Below you find the interesting "The Meaning Of" and "How To" tables!

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Description and Examples

The meaning of: 你好!

It means "Hi!", "How do you do?", "Hello!" It is an everyday greeting and is used at any time, on any occasion and by a person of any social status. The reply should also be "".


The meaning of:

It is a respectful form of the second person pronoun . It is normally reserved for old people or elders. To show politeness, you may extend its use to people of your own generation, especially at the first meeting.


The meaning of: 你早!

It is an everyday greeting that is used when people meet each other in the early morning (till 9 a.m.).


The meaning of: 明早见!

再见 (literally: again-see) means "see you again". Similarly, 明早 (literally: tomorrow morning-see) means "see you tomorrow morning".


The meaning of: 不太好 and 太不好

Note the different degree of goodness - or badness - that is expressed by the following phrases:

: extremely good.

: very good.

: good.

: not very good.

: bad.

: very bad.

: extremely bad.


The meaning of: 您贵姓?

This is a respectful and polite way of asking the name of a person.

ATTENTION: The answer is never "", but "".


The meaning of: 他姓什么?

It is used for asking another person's name. One shouldn't say "?".


How to say: The two of you

你们


How to say: How are you?

Just add to the greeting formula "!" changing it into a question!

How are you?

literally: You good

Anyway, please be careful, because its usage actually differs from the English greeting "How are you?" While the English "How are you?" is also an everyday greeting, in Chinese you should ask ? only if you really want to ask about the state of health or condition of a friend, not just as a greeting.


How to say: Yes or No

Maybe you've already read that one of the meaning of is "yes, right" and that one of the meaning of is "used alone as a negative answer". Anyway, about this simple subject, more must be said.

The most common way of simply and politely answering yes in Chinese is by repeating the main element (verb or adjective) of the question's predicate, or its negative form if you want to answer no.

Example

question: 认识

answer 1: 认识。 (meaning: Yes, I do)

answer 2: 认识。 (meaning: No, I don't)


How to say: How are you? - Part 2

When you address two or more people, you should say "你们?".

你们


How to write and read a year

Simply write the number followed by and read every single figure.

NOTE: Number zero () can also be written .

All the following examples are correct:

2000

The following example is wrong:

ATTENTION: Cannot read , must read er4 ling2 ling2 ling2 , every single figure.


How to write and read a month

Simply write the corresponding number (from 1 to 12) followed by and read as normal.


How to write and read a day

Simply write the number of the day followed by or and read as normal.

is mainly used in written Chinese, while is preferred in spoken language.


Exercise

Learn by heart the very common expressions just reviewed.


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