Learn Chinese for Free - Lesson 149

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Today's Chinese characters:

下业为主久事交从以件但倒停元先光内全公关冷准出划别到前办动化区升华卖卡原参又句可合后呀告哈啊喝地坐块声务备外够失安定客当就山已市布带常平应开录往得快念怎怕思想感愿慢所才找把换接提收数新方旁无最服未条果校样次欢正每气活湖火烈热然照片物用直相真着知短票福种科穿站笑第等算米精系约经给维考能自船花范衣被要言诉词试话该谈走跟车转轻边过还远送通道部酒钱铁错门问阳际静题鱼

This is step 4 of 5 of our review process. All characters are ordered according to their radicals. Below you find the interesting "The Meaning Of" and "How To" tables!

Characters' Essentials

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-Down. It is also, as in this lesson, a measure word indicating the frequency, number of times, of an action
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-Long (time)
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-Matter, affair, thing, business
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-From
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-Second character of the word 可以(can, may)
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-Measure word used to indicate things which can be counted, such as pieces, articles, items
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-But, yet
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-Fall, topple
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-Earlier, before, first, in advance
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-With nothing left
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-Inner, inside (in this lesson it's used in the name 内内)
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-Complete; whole, entire
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-International
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-Concern, involve; close
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-Cold
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-Definitely, certainly, surely
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-Go out, come out, leave
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-Other, another, some other
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-Used after a verb as a complement to indicate success
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-Front
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-Do, manage, handle
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-Move, get moving
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-Change, transform, influence
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-Litre
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-China
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-Sell
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-Can, may
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ya
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-Like , it's used at the end of a sentence to convey a feeling of admiration, an undertone of warning or doubt
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-Aha (indicating complacency or satisfaction)
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a
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-Used at the end of a sentence to convey a feeling of admiration, an undertone of warning or doubt
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-Drink
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-Place, locality
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-Sit, be seated, take a seat
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-Measure word used for coins or banknotes (the meaning is equivalent to Yuan, the basic unit of money in China)
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-Sound, voice
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-Outside, external
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-Suffice; sufficient, enough
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-Lose
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ān
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-Peace, peaceful
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-Exactly, precisely
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-City
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-Cloth, textile (in this lesson it's also the first character of the name 布福)
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-Tape
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-Often, usually
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-Equal, common
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-Tape record
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-Toward, in the direction of
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de
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-Fast
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-How, why
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-Fear
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-Want to, would like to, feel like (doing something)
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-Be willing, be ready
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-Slow
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-Look for
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-Change
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-Come into contact with, come close to
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-Second character of the Chinese name for "Marty"
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-Place, region, locality
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-Side
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-Not, not have
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-Clothes, dress
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-Not
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-Measure word for thin and long things (fishes, snakes, legs)
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-Fruit
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-School
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-Shape, kind, type
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-Lake
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-Fire
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-Strong, violent
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-According to
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-Need; use, employ, apply
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-Directly, straight
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-Really, truly, indeed
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-We used this character as part of the word 用不着
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zhe
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-Know
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-Short, brief
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-Ticket
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-Happiness (in this lesson it's used in the name 布福)
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-Measure word indicating kind, sort, type, variety
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穿
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-Wear, put on, be dressed in, have...on
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-Stop, station
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-Wait
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-Calculate, plan
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-Rice (in this lesson it's used in the name 爱米)
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-Give, for, to
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-Can
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-Flower
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-Model, example
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-Dress
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-Must, should
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-Word, speech
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-Word, term
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-Try, test
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-Word, talk; talk about, speak about
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-Talk, speak, chat, discuss
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-Walk, go
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-With
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-Vehicle
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-Side
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-Structural particle used as a suffix of a noun of locality
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-Cross, pass
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-Also, still
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-Distant, far, remote
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-Way; method
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-Part, section
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-Alcoholic drink
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-Money
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-Iron
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-Door, gate
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-Ask
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-The sun
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-Calm, quiet, silent
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-Subject, problem
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-Fish

Description and Examples

The meaning of: 你好!

It means "Hi!", "How do you do?", "Hello!" It is an everyday greeting and is used at any time, on any occasion and by a person of any social status. The reply should also be "".


The meaning of:

It is a respectful form of the second person pronoun . It is normally reserved for old people or elders. To show politeness, you may extend its use to people of your own generation, especially at the first meeting.


The meaning of: 你早!

It is an everyday greeting that is used when people meet each other in the early morning (till 9 a.m.).


The meaning of: 明早见!

再见 (literally: again-see) means "see you again". Similarly, 明早 (literally: tomorrow morning-see) means "see you tomorrow morning".


The meaning of: 不太好 and 太不好

Note the different degree of goodness - or badness - that is expressed by the following phrases:

: extremely good.

: very good.

: good.

: not very good.

: bad.

: very bad.

: extremely bad.


The meaning of: 您贵姓?

This is a respectful and polite way of asking the name of a person.

ATTENTION: The answer is never "", but "".


The meaning of: 他姓什么?

It is used for asking another person's name. One shouldn't say "?".


How to say: The two of you

你们


How to say: How are you?

Just add to the greeting formula "!" changing it into a question!

How are you?

literally: You good

Anyway, please be careful, because its usage actually differs from the English greeting "How are you?" While the English "How are you?" is also an everyday greeting, in Chinese you should ask ? only if you really want to ask about the state of health or condition of a friend, not just as a greeting.


How to say: Yes or No

Maybe you've already read that one of the meaning of is "yes, right" and that one of the meaning of is "used alone as a negative answer". Anyway, about this simple subject, more must be said.

The most common way of simply and politely answering yes in Chinese is by repeating the main element (verb or adjective) of the question's predicate, or its negative form if you want to answer no.

Example

question: 认识

answer 1: 认识。 (meaning: Yes, I do)

answer 2: 认识。 (meaning: No, I don't)


How to say: How are you? - Part 2

When you address two or more people, you should say "你们?".

你们


How to write and read a year

Simply write the number followed by and read every single figure.

NOTE: Number zero () can also be written .

All the following examples are correct:

2000

The following example is wrong:

ATTENTION: Cannot read , must read er4 ling2 ling2 ling2 , every single figure.


How to write and read a month

Simply write the corresponding number (from 1 to 12) followed by and read as normal.


How to write and read a day

Simply write the number of the day followed by or and read as normal.

is mainly used in written Chinese, while is preferred in spoken language.


Exercise

Learn by heart the very common expressions just reviewed.


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