Learn Chinese for Free - Lesson 13

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Today's Chinese character:

Today, at last, I have the pleasure to introduce the number one most frequently used Chinese character! In order to be able to write in Chinese the sentence "She's my teacher", you don't need any other character.

Character Knowledge Meter
Today with this lesson your knowledge of Chinese characters will reach 13.5% of all the Chinese language usage! 13.5%

Characters' Essentials

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de5
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-Used between an attributive adjunct (i.e. an adjective, or a word, phrase, or clause, performing the function of an adjective) and the headword

Description and Examples

The Attributive And The Headword

An attributive usually modifies a noun and the modified is called headword or central word. Sometimes, the structural particle de5 is needed between the attributive and the headword; at other times, however, it is not required.

sometimes: ATTRIBUTIVE + HEADWORD

at other times: ATTRIBUTIVE + de5 + HEADWORD

Gradually you'll learn when de5 is to be used and when it is not.

Sentence Structure 5
The Attributive Genitive

When a personal pronoun or a noun is used as an attributive genitive to show a relationship of belonging, possession, etc., it generally takes the structural particle de5.

Let's take the phrase "my teacher" as example. Since "my" is the possessive genitive of "I", we would literally say "Ide5teacher".

"my teacher" is literally: I de5 teacher

that is:

wo3de5lao3shi1lao3shi1

Pronouns And Nouns Used As An Attributive Genitive:

ChineseEnglish
wo3de5my
ni3de5your
ta1de5his
ta1de5her
ta1de5its
wo3men5wo3men5de5our
ni3men5ni3men5de5your
ta1men5ta1men5de5their
ta1men5ta1men5de5their
ta1men5ta1men5de5their
lao3shi1lao3shi1de5teacher's
yi1sheng1yi1sheng1de5doctor's


IMPORTANT: remember that the headword is always placed AFTER de5.

Exercise

Have I forgotten to write the Chinese sentence "She is my teacher"? No, I just am quite sure you can write it by yourself!
Tip: apply what you have studied about the declarative "shi4" sentence and about the attributive genitive.


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Characters' Details

Chinese Character 30 of 1000

appearance score: # 1
frequency: 4.0943253%
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8
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-Used after an attributive adjunct (i.e. an adjective, or a word, phrase, or clause, performing the function of an adjective):
1. when the attributive adjunct is used to qualify or modify the headword;
2. when between the attributive adjunct and the headword there is a relationship of belonging;
3. when the attributive adjunct is a person and the headword is a noun for a job or a function, to indicate that the person holds that role;
4. when the attributive adjunct is a person and the headword is preceded by a verb, to indicate that the person is the receiver of the action
-Used without headword:
1. takes the place of who or what has been mentioned in the preceding part of the text;
2. stands for a generic person or thing;
3. indicates a certain situation;
4. when there's a series of de5 preceded and followed each by the same verb, adjective, etc., it has the meaning of 'this and that', 'either... and...'
-Used after the verbal predicate, gives emphasis to the action's doer, place, time, etc.
ATTENTION: this construction is only used for past actions
-Used at the end of a statement, indicates certainty
-Used after two or more words of the same kind, its meaning is similar to 'so on' or 'etc.'
-Used between two numeral-classifier compounds, it means multiply or add
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-True, exact, real
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-Target, bull's-eye

There's no difference between the simplified and the traditional version of this character.Help

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